Microscopes are scientific instruments used to view objects that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. They work by using lenses or a series of lenses to magnify the image of an object. The magnification power of a microscope is determined by the combination of the objective lens, which is located near the specimen, and the eyepiece, which is located near the viewer's eye.
There are several different types of microscopes available, each with its own strengths and limitations. Some of the most common types include:
- Compound Microscopes: These microscopes are designed to view thin slices of specimens placed on glass slides. They use two lenses to magnify the specimen, allowing for detailed observation of cellular structures and other small objects.
- Stereo Microscopes: Also known as dissecting microscopes, these instruments are used to view larger specimens that are too thick or opaque for compound microscopes. They provide a three-dimensional view of the specimen and are commonly used in biological and industrial applications.